Parking on a Hill

When parking facing downhill, turn your front wheels towards the curb or right shoulder. This will keep the vehicle from rolling into traffic if the brakes become disengaged.downhill

Turn the steering wheel to the left so the wheels are turned towards the road if you are facing uphill with a curb. The tires will catch the curb if it rolls backward.

When facing uphill without a curb, turn the wheels sharply to the right. If the vehicle rolls, it will go off the road rather than into traffic.


When parking on a hill, always set the parking brake a

nd shift into first or reverse gear. Turn off the engine and remove the key. Check for traffic before opening the door and remember to lock your vehicle.

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Roadside Stop

When you need to stop by the side of the road for a short time - to check something outside your vehicle or to look for directions on a map, for example - follow these directions:

  • Before slowing down, check your mirrors and blind spot to see when the way is clear.hazardlight
  • Turn on your signal before slowing down unless there are vehicles waiting to enter the road from side roads or driveways between you and the point where you intend to stop. Wait until you have passed these entrances so that drivers will not think you are turning before the stopping point.
  • Steer to the side of the road, steadily reducing speed, and stop parallel to the curb or edge of the road. You should not be more than about 30 centimetres away from it. Do not stop where you will block an entrance or other traffic.
  • Turn off your signal and turn on your hazard lights.

If your vehicle has an automatic transmission, put the gear selector in park and set the parking brake. If your vehicle has a manual transmission, set the parking brake and shift into neutral if not turning off the engine, or shift into low or reverse if turning off the engine. When parking on a hill, turn your wheels in the appropriate direction to keep your vehicle from rolling.


Since parking rules change from road to road and place to place, always watch for and obey signs that say you may not stop or limit stopping, standing or parking. Be aware that not all parking by-laws are posted on signs.parking

Here are some basic parking rules:

  • Never park on the travelled part of a road. Drive off the road onto the shoulder if you must stop for some reason.
  • Never park on a curve, hill or anywhere you do not have a clear view for at least 125 metres in both directions.
  • Do not park where you will block a vehicle already parked or where you will block a sidewalk, crosswalk, pedestrian crossing or road entrance.
  • Do not park within three metres of a fire hydrant, on or within 100 metres of a bridge or within six metres of a public entrance to a hotel, theatre or public hall when it is open to the public.
  • Do not park within nine metres of an intersection or within 15 metres if it is controlled by traffic lights.
  • Do not park within 15 metres of the nearest rail of a level railway crossing.
  • Do not park where you will get in the way of traffic or snow clearing.
  • Never open the door of your parked vehicle without first making sure that you will not endanger any other person or vehicle or interfere with traffic. When you must open a door next to traffic, keep it open only long enough to load or unload passengers.

After parking your vehicle, always turn off the ignition and the lights, remove the key and lock the door to deter theft. Do not leave children or animals in the vehicle.

Before moving from a parked position, always signal and check for traffic, pulling out only when it is safe to do so.

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General Tips

  • Always wear your seat belt - and make sure all passengers buckle up, too.
  • Adjust your car's headrest to a height behind your head--not your neck--to minimize whiplash in case you're in an accident.
  • Never try to fit more people in the car than you have seatbelts for them to use.
  • Obey the speed limits, going too fast gives you less time to stop or react. Excess speed is one of the main causes of teenage accidents.
  • Don't run red lights.
  • Use turn signals to indicate your intention to turn or to change lanes. Turn it on to give the cars behind you enough time to react before you take the action. Also, make sure the signals turns off after you've completed the action.
  • When light turns green, make sure intersection clears before you go.
  • Don't drive like you own the road; drive like you own the car.
  • Make sure your windshield is clean. At sun rise and sun set, light reflecting off your dirty windshield can momentarily blind you from seeing what's going on.
  • Drive into your garage straight, not on an angle.
  • Make sure your car has gas in
  • Don't drink and drive, and don't ride with anyone who has been drinking. Call parents or friends to take you home if you need a ride.
  • Don't take drugs or drive if you've taken any. Don't ride with anyone who has been using drugs. Even some over the counter drugs can make you drowsy. Check label for warnings.
  • Don't drive without insurance.
  • Don't blast the radio. You might miss hearing a siren or a horn that could warn you of possible trouble.
  • Make sure your garage door is completely open before backing out of it.
  • Don't drive with small children or even small teenage friends as passengers in a front seat that has a passenger-side air bag. They should be buckled up in the back seat.
  • Don't talk on the car phone, put on make-up, comb your hair, or eat while driving. If you need to make a call, pull off the road to a safe spot and park.
  • Don't leave your car in cruise control when you're driving late at night or when you're tired. If you fall asleep at the wheel, the car will crash at the speed you've set your control to maintain.
  • Don't fiddle with the radio while you are driving. It's better to wait until you can pull over and stop because even taking your focus off the road for a few seconds could lead to an accident.
  • Use good quality tires and make sure they are inflated to the right pressure (check your owners manual for what is right for your tires and car).
  • Maintain your car. Bald tires, a slipping transmission, or a hesitant engine could lead to accidents.
  • Use headlights during daylight driving, especially on rural roads to make you more visible to oncoming drivers.
  • Watch out for potholes, especially after bad weather.
  • Be on the lookout for motorcycles, bikes and pedestrians.
  • When driving to a new place, get complete directions before you go.
  • Always check the exhaust pipes to make sure they are clear before starting up the car.

To Learn More About Correct Road Behavior Visit Our Video-Test Section

Driving in Bad Weather

  • Turn your headlights on anytime you need to turn your windshield wipers on - badweatherin rain, fog, sleet, freezing rain or snow. It will help your visibility - and also help other drivers see you.
  • If driving a white car during snow fall or after the snow has fallen, your car may be camouflaged by the snow. So turn on your headlights and make it easier for other drivers to see you.
  • In winter, keep an ice scraper with a brush in your car in case it snows or sleets. Also check that you have wiper fluid/de-icer in your car.
  • Double or triple the space you normally leave between you and the next car in wet wheather. You'll need even more space to stop (up to ten times as much space) on slick roads.
  • Brake gently
  • Make sure your exhaust tail pipe is clear if you've had to dig your car out of snow or ice or if you've backed into a snow bank. If your tail pipe is blocked you could get sick or die from carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • When driving on slippery surfaces like ice or snow use gentle pressure on the accelerator pedal when starting. If your wheels start to spin, let up on the accelerator until traction returns.
  • Check if the windshield washer works - you may need it in snow and sleet.
  • Watch out for severe weather warnings before you drive. If a strong storm comes on while you're on the road whipersand it's raining too hard to see, try to find a safe place to pull over until the worst of the rain is over.
  • Listen to radio traffic reports and adjust your travel plans accordingly.
  • Keep windows and windshield clear. Make sure that the wipers are working.
  • Leave a window open a little bit to keep the windshield from fogging up and to give you some fresh air.
  • Watch for danger spots ahead. Bridges and overpasses may freeze before the roads do.
  • When starting out in bad weather, test your brakes to see how far it takes you to stop.
  • If you are stuck in ice or snow, try putting your floor mats under the edge of the tires to give them traction.

To Learn More About How To Behave in Certain Weather Conditions Visit Our Video-Test Section

Driving Around Town

  • Avoid making left hand turns across busy intersections that don't have turn signals. townIt takes some experience to estimate the approaching traffic properly. It is better to drive a street or two further until you come to traffic lights, or to plan a route that doesn't need left hand turns.
  • Don't make any assumptions about what other drivers are about to do. The only thing you can assume about another driver that has a turn signal on is that the turn signal is on. He might not be turning at all and just forgot to turn it off after using it the last time or he has changed his mind.
  • When there's an obstacle in your lane, wait for approaching traffic to clear before you drive around it. Just because you have an obstruction in your lane doesn't mean that you have the right of way.
  • Be cautious of aggressive drivers and try to stay out of their way. They are responsible for causing a lot of accidents - especially on beltways.
  • Don't do anything that will cause another driver to hit the brakes such as pulling out in front of him or shifting into his lane.

To Learn More About Correct Road Behavior Visit Our Video-Test Section

To Learn More About Speed Visit Our Video-Test Section

Driving Around School

  • Start getting to school some minutes (5 - 10) earlier and leave some minutes latebusr to avoid getting into the wild run into and out from the parking place. There is a high risk of accidents when kids are rushing around.
  • If there are vertical spaces near your school (not angle parking), park in a space where you can go out straight of, instead of backing out. In crowded lots backing out is tricky.
  • Watch for kids getting on and off school buses - and don't drive too close behind school buses.
  • Go slow
  • Don't leave valuable things in your car like wallets, shoes, leather jackets or sports equipment where they can be seen because this attracts thieves.
  • Always stop for school buses with flashing lights. The flashing lights mean that students are either getting on or off the bus - and may be crossing the street. Their safety depends on cars obeying this law.
  • Don't park in fire lanes around the school. Not only because you'll probably get a ticket, but you could also be blocking the area where a fire truck needs to park in case of an emergency.

To Learn More About Overtaking Visit Our Video-Test Section

To Learn More About Speed Visit Our Video-Test Section

Parallel Parking

To parallel park successfully, you need a space that's about 1 - 2 meters longer than your car. Then, it’s all about timing!

  1. Use your indicator to signal a right turn*. Stop to the side of the front car (the car you are parking behind), so that the cars are about even and about an arm’s length apart (50 - 70 cm)
  2. While looking over your right shoulder, start backing slowly, then start turning the wheel to the right. Aim toward the right rear corner of the space.
  3. When your front seat is in line with the rear bumper of the front car, stop and turn the steering wheel one revolution to the left to straighten the tires. Continue backing at this angle until your right front fender just clears the left rear fender of the front car. (At this point, your left rear bumper will be in line with the left front bumper of the back car.)
  4. Quickly turn the steering wheel to the left and finish reversing into the parking spot. Looking over your left shoulder during this part of the maneuver may help you align with the rear car – or use your rear view mirror.
  5. To straighten out, turn the steering wheel one revolution to the right before pulling forward.


Perfecting your skill is a matter of hand, eye, and foot coordination – and timing. Practice this maneuver repeatedly, slowly, until you are comfortable, then you can add more speed. Use an area that’s not busy, such as a parking lot, or a wide residential street so you won’t have to rush. You can use markers (cones, stanchions, lines) before trying this with real cars.

*These are instruction for parallel parking on the right-hand side of the road. On one-way streets, where left-side parking is possible, just reverse the left and right turns.



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Passing another car can be tricky for the new driver. Whenever in DOUBT on whether you can safely pass, don't try it. Here are some passing tips.

Don't Pass

  • When there is a solid line on your side
  • When you're uncertain there is enough time or space
  • When you can't see around a curve or over a hill
  • When behind multiple cars and passing one car doesn't really make any difference
  • On two lane roads, don't pass tractors or trucks or other vehicles you can't see around
  • In hazardous weather conditions
  • When another car is coming toward you in the opposite lane
  • When a car is passing you
  • When there is construction or road workpassing
  • When the car in front of you is going the maximum speed limit
  • On narrow roads, on bridges or in tunnels
  • When you are unfamiliar with the car you are driving and its capabilities
  • Don't play leap frog by passing a friend that just passed you

Don't pass in any of the above situations.

Passing with Caution

  • Only pass if there's a dotted line on your side.
  • Check that the passing lane is clear.
  • Make sure you have plenty of space to pass safely.
  • Signal before you pass.
  • Pass at least 16 km per hour faster than the car you're passing while not exceeding the speed limit.
  • Make sure you have cleared the passed car with enough space before pulling back into your lane.

To Learn More About Overtaking Visit Our Video-Test Section

Defensive Driving


Defensive driving means:

  • Watch the traffic well
  • Have the vehicle under control at all times
  • Recognize dangerous situations early
  • Braking may minimize the risk of collision

Defensive driving doesn't mean:

  • Generally slow driving
  • Hide in fear behind the steering wheel
  • Always let the others go first

Watching the traffic well

Be fit and awake to look foresightful, watch the traffic behind you frequently in the mirror, recognize signs if another motorist may behave incorrectly.

Most common misconduct:
Driving under stress, exhaustion, alcohol, drugs or critical medications. Lack of concentration at the wheel, distracted by cell phone, discussions, loud music.



Having the vehicle under control

The driver always has to be able to stop safely within a manageable distance. Before blind corners in mountainous regions, the pace has to be reduced drastically.

The observance of the safety distance to the front vehicle is the first priority: Normally 1.5 - 2 seconds (7 car lengths).

Whoever rear-ends frequently, raises his own risk and the vehicle's that is driving ahead!

The technical condition of the vehicle must be okay: air pressure and profile of the tires, steering, brakes, shock absorbers, lighting fully functional.


Recognize hidden dangers and estimate the road correctly

Slow down before curves enough to be prepared in residential areas for children, at construction sites expect bulldozers and trucks maneuvering etc. Falling leaves in autumn, consider greasy road surface when it starts to rain.

The tire grip on slippery snow decreases at about 10-20%, which means for the safe driving through a curve it is only allowed to drive about one-third of normal speed. The lateral acceleration increases with the square of the driving speed.

Observe yourself: Own minor driving errors, "which otherwise never happen", should be cause for increased concentration!


Consider the psychological factors of the driving time and the weekly rhythm

Critical times are according to the statistics Friday night, Saturday after midnight, Monday morning: There are increasingly stressed, distracted and careless drivers.
In addition: Allow plenty of time for travel, on the street, no one can really catch up substantial periods of time again, to which he started too late! Always drive the same speed: In a speed appropriate to the circumstances.

Most common misconduct:
Overconfidence in party mood at the weekend, often contributed by alcohol and stimulant drinks, led to near unlocking, to high speeds on confusing roads and risky overtaking. For this, the reaction time is prolonged.

Excessive speed is a very common cause of accidents.


How to identify an aggressive motorist
An uneven, high speed driving, unnecessary acceleration and braking, near unlocking, abrupt lane changes, light horn on the left lane on the highway when the car in the front does not immediately move aside, indecent gesture.

Let him go first and think of something else, more beautiful!



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